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Bibliography on: Classical Genetics: Sex Determination

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ESP: PubMed Auto Bibliography 20 Sep 2018 at 01:33 Created: 

Classical Genetics: Sex Determination

Scitable: In humans and many other animal species, sex is determined by specific chromosomes. The first inkling that sex chromosomes were unique from all other chromosomes came from experiments conducted by German biologist Hermann Henking in 1891. While studying sperm formation in wasps, Henking saw that some wasp sperm cells had 12 chromosomes, while others had only 11. Moreover, while observing the stages of meiosis that formed these sperm cells, Henking noticed that the mysterious twelfth chromosome looked different from all the others. He thus named this chromosome the "X element," to represent its unknown nature. nce that supported this hypothesis. About 10 years after Henking's studies, American zoologist C. E. McClung began extensive research into the idea that the X element must have something to do with sex determination. First, McClung asserted that this strange chromosome be called the "accessory chromosome," because it appeared to have a separate purpose compared to the other chromosomes. Next, he decided to undertake a wide comparative study of spermatogenesis not just in insects but in many different organisms, including spiders and mice. While observing sperm generation in grasshoppers, McClung noted that the accessory chromosome did not behave as the other chromosomes did during the first meiotic division. Specifically, this "twelfth chromosome" was not distributed equally to the four sperm cells that arose from one grasshopper spermatogonium; instead, it was present in only half of them. This consistent pattern of segregation in the spermatogenesis of many different organisms caused McClung to speculate that there must be some fundamental reason for the generation of two types of sperm cells. McClung thought about the consequences of this 50/50 distribution of the accessory chromosome, and he pondered how this distribution probably resulted in two different kinds of zygotes. He also noted that there was really only one characteristic that varied among zygotes of many different species in 50/50 proportions, and that characteristic was sex.

Created with PubMed® Query: 1890:1953[PDAT] AND ("sex-determination" OR "sex determination" OR "sex chromosome" OR "X chromosome" OR "Y chromosome") NOT pmcbook NOT ispreviousversion

Citations The Papers (from PubMed®)

RevDate: 2009-01-22
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

TROPEANO L, U REITANO (1953)

[Familial pathology of a case of so called sporadic hemophilia].

Il Progresso medico, 9(21):657-663.

RevDate: 2016-05-23
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

ABEZGAUZ AM (1953)

[New form of pseudohemophilia following prothrombinase deficiency].

Pediatriia, 6:76-80.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

BELTRAN JC (1953)

[Hemophilia].

Archivos de pediatria del Uruguay, 24(11):731-48; contd.

RevDate: 2015-11-19
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

COLLINS IS (1953)

Haemophilia-like disease produced by a circulating anticoagulant.

Australasian annals of medicine, 2(2):161-169.

RevDate: 2017-07-14
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

SARACHEK A, WH LUCKE (1953)

Induction of resistance to x-ray inactivation in Saccharomyces by pre-exposure to 2537A ultraviolet radiation.

Experientia, 9(10):374-376.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

VERSTRAETE M (1953)

[Recent data on hemophilia].

Belgisch tijdschrift voor geneeskunde, 9(19):879-884.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

FRANCESCON M, BUTTO M, I MASETTO (1953)

[Study of blood coagulation in hemophilia].

La Riforma medica, 67(34):942-945.

RevDate: 2009-10-26
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

RIEGER J (3rd) (1953)

Prenatal sex determination; an evaluation of the saliva test.

Obstetrics and gynecology, 2(2):161-163.

RevDate: 2009-01-22
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

TROPEANO L (1953)

[Individualization of a third plasmatic factor of thromboplastin (plasma thromboplastin antecedent) the deficiency of which causes a hemorrhagic disease similar to hemophilia].

Il Progresso medico, 9(11):333-336.

RevDate: 2005-11-16
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

LUCKE WH, A SARACHEK (1953)

X-ray inactivation of polyploid Saccharomyces.

Nature, 171(4362):1014-1015.

RevDate: 2007-11-02
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

BERNFELD P, STEFANINI M, BERKOWITZ RD, et al (1953)

Electrophoretic plasma protein patterns in families with hemophilia.

Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (New York, N.Y.), 83(2):311-315.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

AMATO M, A CAMERA (1953)

[Studies on a new hemorrhagic diseases similar to hemophilia; plasma thromboplastin component deficiency].

La Pediatria, 61(5-6):336-350.

RevDate: 2010-11-18
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

CLEMENT R (1953)

[Ambiguous sexual type; gynandrism].

Revista espanola de pediatria, 9(51):547-558.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

NEW DA (1953)

The reproductive habits and sex-determination of the nematode Rhabditis pellio Bütschli, with a note on its taxonomy and nomenclature.

Parasitology, 43(1-2):94-101.

RevDate: 2016-11-22
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

ROEMER H, W FOLLMER (1953)

[Procedure of eraly intrauterine sex determination by saliva test].

Die Medizinische, 21(17):590.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

HILL JM, CRASS G, ELLIS J, et al (1953)

Studies on the inheritance of hemophilia by laboratory tests.

Texas state journal of medicine, 49(4):241-246.

RevDate: 2018-02-06
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

LANGDELL RD, WAGNER RH, KM BRINKHOUS (1953)

Effect of antihemophilic factor on one-stage clotting tests; a presumptive test for hemophilia and a simple one-stage antihemophilic factor assy procedure.

The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 41(4):637-647.

RevDate: 2009-01-22
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

QUATTRIN N (1953)

[Hemophilia and thrombopathy].

Il Progresso medico, 9(4):115-118.

RevDate: 2012-12-07
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

CASTEX MR, A PAVLOVSKY (1953)

[Hemophilia].

Le Sang, 24(7):573-577.

RevDate: 2013-11-21
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

SOULIER JP (1953)

[Complete failure of vitamin B12 in a case of familial hemophilia].

Revue d'hematologie, 8(3):371-373.

RevDate: 2017-11-16
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

SMITH SG (1953)

A pseudo-multiple sex-chromosome mechanism in an Indian gryllid.

Chromosoma, 5(6-7):555-573.

RevDate: 2010-11-18
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

HSU TC, HOOKS CA, CM POMERAT (1953)

Opportunities for determining sex in human tissues.

Texas reports on biology and medicine, 11(4):585-587.

RevDate: 2012-12-07
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

SOULIER JP, MJ LARRIEU (1953)

[New diagnostic method in hemophilia; determination of antihemophilic factors A and B].

Le Sang, 24(3):205-215.

RevDate: 2017-08-19
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

CANTINO EC, MT HYATT (1953)

Phenotypic sex determination in the life history of a new species of Blastocladiella, B. emersonii.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 19(1):25-70.

RevDate: 2008-11-20
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

DACIE JV (1952)

Haemophilia.

British medical journal, 2(4799):1408-1410.

RevDate: 2017-02-19
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

BIGGS R, DOUGLAS AS, MACFARLANE RG, et al (1952)

Christmas disease: a condition previously mistaken for haemophilia.

British medical journal, 2(4799):1378-1382.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

GARRAHAN JP, TAMBORINI AE, CG STRUSBERG FURER (1952)

[Diagnosis and therapy of hemophilia].

El Dia medico, 24(76):1985-1989.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

CAZAL P, P IZARN (1952)

[Therapeutic problems of hemophilia].

Montpellier medical, 41-42(9):989-998.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

BEAUMONT JL (1952)

[Hemophilia].

France Medecine, 15(11):17-19.

RevDate: 2016-11-22
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

TRIDENTE M (1952)

[Ancient opinions on sex determination].

La Rassegna di clinica, terapia e scienze affini, 51(4):165-168.

RevDate: 2012-04-16
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

BROCHER H (1952)

[Therapy of hemophilic hemorrhages following teeth extractions].

Zahnarztliche Rundschau, 61(17):491-494.

RevDate: 2009-11-18
CmpDate: 2007-02-02

Krivshenko JD (1952)

A Cytogenetic Study of the Y Chromosome in Drosophila Buscki.

Genetics, 37(5):500-518.

RevDate: 2016-11-22
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

COLACURCI A (1952)

[Dorn and Sugarman reaction in prenatal sex determination; experimental study].

Archivio di ostetricia e ginecologia, 57(5):441-449.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

PAVLOVSKY A (1952)

[Hemophilia].

Revista medica de Cordoba, 40(9):282-284.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

Anonymous (1952)

PRENATAL sex determination.

The Journal of pediatrics, 41(3):375-376.

RevDate: 2009-11-18
CmpDate: 2006-06-01

Brown SW, A Hannah (1952)

An Induced Maternal Effect on the Stability of the Ring-X-Chromosome of Drosophila Melanogaster.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 38(8):687-693.

RevDate: 2010-09-22
CmpDate: 2008-08-29

Manwaring WH (1952)

Prenatal Sex Determination.

California medicine, 77(1):42.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

CAVALLOTTI AM (1952)

[Case of hemorrhagic disease of dubious nature present in a child since birth].

Il Lattante, 23(7):413-419.

RevDate: 2016-10-20
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

FERLIN A (1952)

[Dental hemorrhage and hemophilia].

Schweizerische Monatsschrift fur Zahnheilkunde = Revue mensuelle suisse d'odonto-stomatologie, 62(7):697-703.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

FELDMAN N, SM LEWIS (1952)

Haemophilia in a South African Bantu child.

The South African journal of medical sciences, 17(1):13-24.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

VAN CREVELD S (1952)

[Examination on certain diseases due to hemorrhagic diathesis].

Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift, 82(15):399.

RevDate: 2016-11-22
CmpDate: 2010-07-02

Rapp GW, GC Richardson (1952)

A Saliva Test for Prenatal Sex Determination.

Science (New York, N.Y.), 115(2984):265.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

SPOSITO M, P MARRAZZA (1952)

[Two cases of sporadic hemophilia].

La Riforma medica, 66(2):34-37.

RevDate: 2017-11-16
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

RAY-CHAUDHURI SP, A GUHA (1952)

X and neo- Y mechanism of sex-determination in the grasshopper, Thisiocetrus pulcher.

Nature, 169(4289):78-79.

RevDate: 2016-11-22
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

FINKE L (1952)

[Study on prenatal sex determination by skin reaction following testosterone propionate injection].

Zentralblatt fur Gynakologie, 74(12):449-455.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

QUICK AJ, STAPP WF, CV HUSSEY (1952)

The effect of heating on the thromboplastic activity of rabbit brain extract; a new test for the diagnosis of hemophilia.

The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 39(1):142-147.

RevDate: 2017-02-19
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

FALLS HF (1952)

The role of the sex chromosome in hereditary ocular pathology.

Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society, 50:421-467.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

SKOLD E (1952)

Blood coagulation in conductors of haemophilia.

Acta genetica et statistica medica, 3(2):101-105.

RevDate: 2012-08-22
CmpDate: 2003-05-01

BARQUET CHEDIAK A, A VIETA REBOZO (1952)

[Modern concepts of blood coagulation; hemophilia; review of eight cases].

Archivos. Hospital Universitario General Calixto Garcia, 4(1):85-107.

RevDate: 2016-11-23
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

ONATIVIA A (1951)

[Errors in sex determination].

Revista medica de Cordoba, 39(12):545-552.

RevDate: 2016-11-23
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

VAN LINT A (1951)

[On sex determination].

Bruxelles medical, 31(44):2300-2302.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

PROSPERI P, A LOTTINI (1951)

[Considerations on the therapeutic effects of vitamin E in hemophilic disease].

Rivista di clinica pediatrica, 49(11):808-32; concl.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

LELIEVRE H, J BENDELAC (1951)

[Medical genetics].

Le Medecin generaliste de France, 11(11):211-213.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

MOSELEY RW, OC BRUTON (1951)

Hemophilia in children: with a suggestion for prophylactic control; report of four cases.

Archives of pediatrics, 68(11):526-532.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

GARRAHAN JP, TAMBORINI AE, CG STRUSBERG FURER (1951)

[Quick's test].

El Dia medico, 23(69):3100; passim.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

PROSPERI P, A LOTTINI (1951)

[Therapeutic considerations on vitamin E in 14 cases of hemophilic disease].

Rivista di clinica pediatrica, 49(10):738-60; contd.

RevDate: 2009-11-18
CmpDate: 2007-02-02

Mackensen O (1951)

Viability and Sex Determination in the Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera L.).

Genetics, 36(5):500-509.

RevDate: 2010-10-06
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

VILASECA SABATER JM, R QUINTANA DE TORTOSA (1951)

[Radiology of osteoarticular alterations in hemophilia].

Revista espanola de reumatismo y enfermedades osteoarticulares, 4(3):152-165.

RevDate: 2018-03-12
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

BARIGOZZI C, A DI PASQUALE (1951)

[Action of chromosome Y on the frequency of alar hairs and of irregularity of eye facets in D. melanogaster].

Scientia genetica; periodico di genetica per i paesi latini, 4(1-2):52-56.

RevDate: 2016-11-23
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

MONTALENTI G, G BACCI (1951)

[Observations and hypotheses on sex determination in hermaphrodites].

Scientia genetica; periodico di genetica per i paesi latini, 4(1-2):5-12.

RevDate: 2011-09-28
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

ARCHER WH (1951)

Postextraction bleeding in a hemophiliac; report of a case.

Oral surgery, oral medicine, and oral pathology, 4(7):845-849.

RevDate: 2013-03-18
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

DEBRAY P (1951)

[Hemophilia].

Journal des praticiens; revue generale de clinique et de therapeutique, 65(24):281-285.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

COPPOLA CF, M PANNUTI (1951)

[Fatty gigangism associated with sporadic hemophilia; clinical study].

La Riforma medica, 65(20):551-555.

RevDate: 2017-02-19
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

MERSKEY C (1951)

Haemophilia associated with normal coagulation time.

British medical journal, 1(4712):906-912.

RevDate: 2013-07-20
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

BAEZ VILLASENOR J (1951)

[Hemophilia; presentation of a clinical case].

La Prensa medica mexicana, 16(3):56-58.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

van DETH JH (1951)

[The influence of the hypophysis on sex determination in the chick and duck embryo].

Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde, 95(9):758-760.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

BALL W (1951)

Haemophilia in youth successfully treated.

Nursing mirror and midwives journal, 92(2392):343.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

VARGAS CA (1951)

[Sex determination during pregnancy, with reference to the question of priority].

Obstetricia y ginecologia latino-americanas, 9(3-4):90-98.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

CROKAERT J, L HOLLENDER (1951)

[Case of hemophilia resistant to blood and plasma transfusions].

Bruxelles medical, 31(5):252-257.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

de MARVAL L, AS SANTORO (1951)

[Clinical aspects of hemophilia].

El Dia medico, 23(4):131-132.

RevDate: 2014-08-12
CmpDate: 2014-02-18

LINZ AM (1951)

The true hemophiliac as a problem in oral surgery. A critical review of the literature.

The New York journal of dentistry, 21(1):9-14.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-09-30

PARROW A (1951)

A note on the thrombocytes in hemophilics.

Acta genetica et statistica medica, 2(2):175-176.

RevDate: 2016-11-23
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

ROSTAND J (1951)

[Sex determination in human species].

Vie medicale (Paris, France : 1920), 68(Spec. Issue):76-78.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

MIGHORST JC (1951)

[Relation of thyroid activity to metabolic rate in cockerels].

Acta endocrinologica, 8(2):97-115.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

VAN CREVELD S, MM PAULSSEN (1951)

The conversion of plasma-accelerator into serum-accelerator in haemophilia.

Acta physiologica et pharmacologica Neerlandica, 2(1):129-133.

RevDate: 2014-11-20
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

CONTE MAROTTA R, TROPEANO L, F POSTIGLIONE (1951)

[Preparation and use of the antihemophilia globulin in the diagnosis and therapy of hemophilia].

Le Sang, 22(6):468-478.

RevDate: 2012-12-07
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

GUILLOT M, A FIEHRER (1951)

[Differential biological diagnosis of hemophilia].

Le Sang, 22(2):114-122.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

REVOL L, FAVRE-GILLY J, C BRIZARD (1951)

[The social problem of hemophilia; 30 cases].

Archives des maladies professionnelles de medecine du travail et de securite sociale, 12(3):265-270.

RevDate: 2009-11-18
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

BELLAMY AW, ML QUEAL (1951)

Heterosomal inheritance and sex determination in Platypoecilus maculatus.

Genetics, 36(1):93-107.

RevDate: 2011-09-28
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

BYRD DL (1951)

Management of hemophilia, with a case presentation.

Oral surgery, oral medicine, and oral pathology, 4(1):35-37.

RevDate: 2016-11-23
CmpDate: 2014-02-18

SEIBERT B (1950)

Prothrombin consumption.

Canadian journal of medical technology, 12(4):168-172.

RevDate: 2009-11-18
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

KRIVSHENKO JD (1950)

The structure of the heterochromatic part of the Y-chromosome in Drosophila buscki.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 36(12):703-707.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

SHINOWARA GY (1950)

Enzyme studies on the thromboplastic plasma component in hemophilia (enzyme studies on human blood XII).

The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 36(6):989-990.

RevDate: 2016-11-23
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

TURPIN R, MP SCHUTZENBERGER (1950)

[Sex determination in man].

La semaine des hopitaux : organe fonde par l'Association d'enseignement medical des hopitaux de Paris, 26(88):4562-4563.

RevDate: 2016-11-23
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

GINI C (1950)

[Sex determination in man].

La semaine des hopitaux : organe fonde par l'Association d'enseignement medical des hopitaux de Paris, 26(88):4560-4562.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

WOLF W (1950)

[The hemorrhagic tendency in hemophilia].

Munchener medizinische Wochenschrift (1950), 92(31-32):1281-1285.

RevDate: 2009-11-11
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

HYNES M (1950)

Haemophilia.

The Medical press, 224(19):442-444.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

PROSPERI P, A LOTTINI (1950)

[Vitamin E, coagulant factor, in the therapy of hemophilia].

Lo sperimentale, 100(3-6):258-262.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

RAYCHAUDHURI SP, GK MANNA (1950)

Evidence of a multiple sex-chromosome mechanism; in a gryllid.

The Journal of heredity, 41(10):277-280.

RevDate: 2017-12-13
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

ORR WF, ME GRAY (1950)

Accelerator factors in hemophilic blood.

The American journal of physiology, 163(1):148-152.

RevDate: 2017-11-16
CmpDate: 2014-02-18

KING RL (1950)

Neo-Y chromosome in Hypochlora alba and Mermiria intertexta (Orthoptera: Acrididae).

Journal of morphology, 87(2):227-237.

RevDate: 2014-11-20
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

CONTE MAROTTA R, TROPEANO L, F POSTIGLIONE (1950)

[Effect of formulation on the antihemophilic activity of normal human plasma].

Bollettino della Societa italiana di biologia sperimentale, 26(9-10):1392-1394.

RevDate: 2015-08-11
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

LAMBOTTE-LEGRAND J, C LAMBOTTE-LEGRAND (1950)

[Case of familial hemophilia in a native child].

Annales de la Societe belge de medecine tropicale (1920), 30(3):535-539.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

QUICK AJ (1950)

Practical aspects of hemophilia.

Journal of insurance medicine, 5(4):25-29.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

MAROTTA RC, POSTIGLIONE F, L TROPEANO (1950)

[Preparation of antihemophilic globulinic substance from normal human plasma. II. Activity of fraction I of Cohn].

Bollettino della Societa italiana di biologia sperimentale, 26(7):1075-1078.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

MAROTTA RC, TROPEANO L, F POSTIGLIONE (1950)

[Preparation of antihemophilic globulinic substance from human plasma].

Bollettino della Societa italiana di biologia sperimentale, 26(7):1072-1075.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-09-30

BUERK MS, HA TUCKER (1950)

[Penicillin therapy of early syphilis in a hemophiliac].

Zeitschrift fur Haut- und Geschlechtskrankheiten, 8(12):474-477.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

DE VRIES A, HEIMAN-HOLLANDER E, N HERZ (1950)

Studies on serum prothrombin in hemophilia.

Acta medica Scandinavica, 138(3):225-231.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-02-15

van DETH JH (1950)

On the influence of the hypophysis on sex determination in the avian embryo.

Acta physiologica et pharmacologica Neerlandica, 1(2):362-363.

RevDate: 2006-11-15
CmpDate: 2004-09-30

ROBBINS JJ (1949)

Hemophilia; report of a case.

United States naval medical bulletin, 49(6):1115-1120.

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Usage of the site grew rapidly and has remained high. Faculty began to use the site for their assigned readings. Other on-line publishers, ranging from The New York Times to Nature referenced ESP materials in their own publications. Nobel laureates (e.g., Joshua Lederberg) regularly used the site and even wrote to suggest changes and improvements.

ESP Content

When the site began, no journals were making their early content available in digital format. As a result, ESP was obliged to digitize classic literature before it could be made available. For many important papers — such as Mendel's original paper or the first genetic map — ESP had to produce entirely new typeset versions of the works, if they were to be available in a high-quality format.

ESP Help

Early support from the DOE component of the Human Genome Project was critically important for getting the ESP project on a firm foundation. Since that funding ended (nearly 20 years ago), the project has been operated as a purely volunteer effort. Anyone wishing to assist in these efforts should send an email to Robbins.

ESP Plans

With the development of methods for adding typeset side notes to PDF files, the ESP project now plans to add annotated versions of some classical papers to its holdings. We also plan to add new reference and pedagogical material. We have already started providing regularly updated, comprehensive bibliographies to the ESP.ORG site.

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This is a must read book for anyone with an interest in invasion biology. The full title of the book lays out the author's premise — The New Wild: Why Invasive Species Will Be Nature's Salvation. Not only is species movement not bad for ecosystems, it is the way that ecosystems respond to perturbation — it is the way ecosystems heal. Even if you are one of those who is absolutely convinced that invasive species are actually "a blight, pollution, an epidemic, or a cancer on nature", you should read this book to clarify your own thinking. True scientific understanding never comes from just interacting with those with whom you already agree. R. Robbins

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Papers in Classical Genetics

The ESP began as an effort to share a handful of key papers from the early days of classical genetics. Now the collection has grown to include hundreds of papers, in full-text format.

Digital Books

Along with papers on classical genetics, ESP offers a collection of full-text digital books, including many works by Darwin (and even a collection of poetry — Chicago Poems by Carl Sandburg).

Timelines

ESP now offers a much improved and expanded collection of timelines, designed to give the user choice over subject matter and dates.

Biographies

Biographical information about many key scientists.

Selected Bibliographies

Bibliographies on several topics of potential interest to the ESP community are now being automatically maintained and generated on the ESP site.

ESP Picks from Around the Web (updated 07 JUL 2018 )